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Methane hydrate emergence from Lake Baikal: direct observations, modelling, and hydrate footprints in seasonal ice cover

Авторы: Granin N.G., Aslamov I.A., Kozlov V.V., Makarov M. M., Kirillin G., McGinnis D.F., Kucher K.M., Blinov V.V., Ivanov V.G., Mizandrontsev I.B., Zhdanov A.A., Anikin A.S., Granin M.N., Gnatovsky

Журнал: Scientific Reports

Том: 9

Номер:

Год: 2019

Отчётный год: 2020

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Аннотация: This paper provides a novel report of methane hydrates rising from bottom sediments to the surface of Lake Baikal, validated by photo and video records. The ascent of hydrates in the water column was confirmed by hydroacoustic data showing rising objects with velocities significantly exceeding the typical speeds (18–25 cm s−1) of gas bubbles. Mathematical modelling along with velocity and depth estimates of the presumed methane hydrates coincided with values observed from echograms. Modelling results also showed that a methane hydrate fragment with initial radius of 2.5 cm or greater could reach the surface of Lake Baikal given summer water column temperature conditions. Results further show that while methane bubbles released from the deep sedimentary reservoir would dissolve in the Lake Baikal water column, transport in hydrate form is not only viable but may represent a previously overlooked source of surface methane with subsequent emissions to the atmosphere. Methane hydrates captured within the ice cover may also cause the formation of unique ice structures and morphologies observed around Lake Baikal. Sampling of these ice structures detected methane content that exceeded concentrations measured in surrounding ice and from the atmosphere demonstrating a link with the methane transport processes described here.

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Индексируется Scopus: 1

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