Formation of effective cooperation instruments for development projects in the Lake Baikal basin
Авторы: Bychkov I.V., Orlova I.I.
Журнал: IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Отчётный год: 2018
Аннотация: Key factor of Russia-Mongolia conciliation procedures in development projects on the Lake Baikal basin territory is the status of Baikal as a World Heritage site. Both countries are the parties to the World heritage Convention. Hydropower construction projects in the Lake Baikal basin, which currently are under consideration, are indicative examples of elaboration of procedures in achievement of harmonized decisions of Russia and Mongolia with participation of international institutions. This paper gives analysis of problem solving instruments, as well as consolidated actions of authorities, science and the public in international talks on threat prevention in Baikal region. The paper emphasizes not only necessity of scientific support as one of the mandatory conditions of any cooperation, but also highlights formation of working groups and their mandates; different levels of talks for harmonization of views; interaction of science, regional and federal authorities; role of NGOs and citizens, public consultations. The following preliminary conclusions are justified: accomplished scientific and public actors can be a key element in harmonization of interests; there is a subjective factor that has a crucial significance – availability of specialists, who provide substantive work and organizational management of actions; it is reasonable to regulate main stages of harmonized actions with identification of existing legal and institutional instruments.
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